我们现在需要大胆采取行动实现公平过渡

由于新冠肺炎疫情的持续挑战,人们很容易忘记气候变化对人类、生态系统和经济带来的直接且日益严重的威胁——我们目前的发展轨迹可能会带来不可逆转的后果。为了避免气候变化产生的最坏影响,我们需要将升温幅度控制在1.5°C以下,这就需要在2030年之前将温室气体排放量减少近一半,到2050年达到净零排放。当今排放增长轨迹与这一计划严重背离,因此需要公私部门在11月的第26届联合国气候变化大会(COP26)之前大胆采取行动。

企业正在采取行动

许多企业已经认识到应对气候变化的紧迫性,并开始加紧行动。世界上最大的2000家上市公司中,至少有五分之一(其中许多是由我们领导的)已经承诺在本世纪中叶或更早的时候实现净零排放目标,而且这一数字还在快速增长。联合国气候变化框架公约(UNFCCC)和第26届联合国气候变化大会(COP26)正与全球经济中的数百家企业和投资者合作,推广气候变化解决方案。此外,我们的90位全球首席执行官气候领袖联盟的成员正在通过值得信赖的跨部门合作加速向净零经济转型:我们的成员披露排放量,设定积极的减排目标,采取适当的低碳经济政策,并在他们的企业中采取行动,同时与其他人合作,鼓励他们也这样做。

我们呼吁全球所有领导人,包括本周在七国集团峰会上开会的领导人,实现我们共同的气候目标,实现净零排放——此外,与私营部门合作,在一个更明确、更宏大的政策框架内,就共同的目标采取更大胆的行动。

实现完全脱碳需要变革性减排政策

各国政府也正在开始采取行动:排放量占世界温室气体排放量60%以上的国家现已承诺在本世纪中叶左右实现净零排放和碳中和目标。

我们现在需要兑现这些承诺,尤其是在短期内,因为各国政府的行动可以推动企业采取更多行动。要想最迟在2050年实现净零排放,需要快速进行大规模脱碳,因此我们迫切需要变革性减排政策。本联盟希望各国政府在第26届联合国气候变化大会(COP26)前后加速过渡,并向世界领导人发起呼吁:

  • 发布雄心勃勃、符合1.5摄氏度要求的《国家自定贡献》,到2030年将排放量减半
  • 在稳健的政策和过渡目标的支持下,承诺到2050年实现净零排放
  • 确保发达国家兑现并超过其支持发展中国家减缓和适应气候变化的1000亿美元的承诺,同时确保主要发展融资机构在其贷款组合中遵守科学的指导方针

此外,需要政府系统提供支持,以加快企业的进展:

  • 建立以市场为基础、有意义且被广泛接受的碳定价机制,提高碳价格,提高低碳技术的竞争力,并通过在全球互联碳市场上开展国际合作来控制排放
  • 迫使所有企业制定可靠的脱碳目标,使用一致的标准全面披露所有范围内的排放量,并披露与气候相关的风险和机遇
  • 取消化石燃料补贴,降低气候友好型商品的关税
  • 促进绿色技术创新的研发和资金支持,包括推广现有的、经过验证的跨价值链方案(特别是在碳密集型部门),扩大碳去除规模
  • 对气候适应性进行投资:通过推广自然灾害防御和风险转移方案,比如通过促进气候适应性、实现可持续的粮食生产以及确保供水,创建高韧性的城市和基础设施
  • 实施一套针对具体部门的激励措施和行动方案,包括:

电力:逐步淘汰煤炭(为公平过渡提供工人资金和技能重塑机会),迅速提高可再生能源目标,投资所需的电网基础设施和储能设备

交通:推广低碳交通方式,实现交通电气化,投资充电基础设施

建筑和城市:加快建筑翻新(隔热、供暖/制冷),推广旨在促进环保采购和提高设备效率的国际标准

工业:支持制定材料和工艺碳效率标准,鼓励采购绿色工业品,同时促进材料流通

土地和农业:促进合作,消除森林砍伐现象并促进退化土地的恢复,同时鼓励进行以人类、地球和生物多样性为重点的循环、再生和气候智能型实践

金融:促进绿色金融(如通过财政和/或货币政策),制定气候相关的风险转移机制

可持续的繁荣未来?

尽管我们面临巨大挑战,但我们可以实现向净零世界的公平过渡。这种转变有可能通过绿色经济增长和就业机会带来繁荣,使我们走上公平发展之路。不采取缓和措施应对气候变化可能会使全球GDP在未来30年内缩减18%。另一方面,到2030年,能源绿色生产和应用领域可以创造1800万个就业岗位,同时保护目前直接依赖于健康稳定环境的12亿个就业岗位。

我们联盟的成员已经做出了明确承诺,正努力推动企业向净零排放转型。企业和政府在实现净零排放目标方面加强合作,有助于加快这一进程,造福我们的经济和社会。

作为首席执行官气候领袖联盟,我们随时准备与各国政府并肩努力,支持这些政策,并在这十年里变革公私合作的规模,以实现净零排放,造福当今社会及子孙后代。

我们呼吁七国集团及其他世界领导人在第26届联合国气候变化大会(COP26)召开前5个月,以大胆而勇敢的承诺、政策和行动,推动实现净零排放,提高气候韧性。

签署人:

1. Søren Skou, Chief Executive Officer, A.P. Møller-Maersk

2. Björn Rosengren, Chief Executive Officer, ABB

3. Julie Sweet, Chief Executive Officer, Accenture

4. José Manuel Entrecanales, Chief Executive Officer, ACCIONA

5. Oliver Bäte, Chief Executive Officer, Allianz

6. Alan Belfield, Group Chair, Arup

7. Pascal Soriot, Chief Executive Officer, AstraZeneca

8. Thomas Buberl, Chief Executive Officer, AXA

9. Manny Maceda, Chief Executive Officer, Bain & Company

10. Martin Brudermüller, Chief Executive Officer, BASF

11. Werner Baumann, Chief Executive Officer, Bayer

12. Carlos Torres Vila, Chairman, BBVA

13. Michel Vounatsos, Chief Executive Officer, Biogen

14. Rich Lesser, Chief Executive Officer, Boston Consulting Group

15. Aiman Ezzat, Chief Executive Officer, Capgemini

16. Ion Yadigaroglu, Managing Partner, Capricorn Investment Group

17. Cees 't Hart, Chief Executive Officer, Carlsberg

18. Mahendra Singhi, Managing Director and CEO, Dalmia Cement

19. Kim Fausing, President and Chief Executive Officer, Danfoss

20. Punit Renjen, Global Chief Executive Officer, Deloitte

21. Wendy Clark, Chief Executive Officer, Dentsu International

22. Frank Appel, Chief Executive Officer, Deutsche Post DHL

23. Francesco Starace, Chief Executive Officer and General Manager, Enel

24. Catherine MacGregor, Chief Executive Officer, Engie Group

25. Carmine Di Sibio, Global Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, EY

26. Poul Due Jensen, Chief Executive Officer, Grundfos

27. Helena Helmersson, Chief Executive Officer, H&M Group

28. Dolf van den Brink, Chief Executive Officer, HEINEKEN

29. Antonio Neri, President and Chief Executive Officer, Hewlett Packard Enterprise

30. Ignacio S. Galán, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Iberdrola

31. Pablo Isla, Chairman, Inditex

32. Salil Parekh, Chief Executive Officer and Managing Director, Infosys

33. Steven van Rijswijk, Chief Executive Officer, ING

34. Jesper Brodin, Chief Executive Officer, Ingka Group I IKEA

35. Steve Demetriou, Chair and Chief Executive Officer, Jacobs Engineering Group

36. Christian Ulbrich, Chief Executive Officer, JLL

37. George R. Oliver, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Johnson Controls International

38. Alex Liu, Managing Partner and Chairman of the Board, Kearney

39. Bill Thomas Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, KPMG International

40. Tex Gunning, Chief Executive Officer, LeasePlan

41. Stefan Doboczky, Chief Executive Officer, Lenzing Group

42. Hak Cheol Shin, Chief Executive Officer, LG Chem

43. H.S.H. Prince Max von und zu Liechtenstein, Chairman, LGT

44. Anand Mahindra, Chairman, Mahindra Group

45. Alain Bejjani, Chief Executive Officer, Majid Al Futtaim

46. Jonas Prising, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Manpower Group

47. Mike Haigh, Chair of the Executive Board, Mott MacDonald

48. Mark Schneider, Chief Executive Officer, Nestlé

49. Tom Palmer, President and Chief Executive Officer, Newmont Corporation

50. Vas Narasimhan, Chief Executive Officer, Novartis

51. Lars Fruergaard Jørgensen, Chief Executive Officer, Novo Nordisk

52. Ester Baiget, Chief Executive Officer, Novozymes

53. Philippe Knoche, Chief Executive Officer, Orano

54. Mads Nipper, Group President and Chief Executive Officer, Ørsted

55. Torben Möger Pedersen, Chief Executive Officer, Pension Denmark

56. Ramon Laguarta, Chairman & Chief Executive Officer, PepsiCo

57. Robert E. Moritz, Global Chairman, PwC

58. Dimitri De Vreeze, Co-CEO, Royal DSM

59. Feike Sybesma, Honorary Chairman, Royal DSM, Co-chair, Alliance of CEO Climate Leaders

60. Frans van Houten, Chief Executive Officer, Royal Philips

61. Mark Benioff, Chair and Chief Executive Officer, Salesforce

62. Christian Levin, President and Chief Executive Officer, Scania

63. Jean-Pascal Tricoire, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Schneider Electric

64. Roland Busch, Chief Executive Officer, Siemens

65. Erik Rondolat, Chief Executive Officer, Signify

66. Dr. Ilham Kadri, Solvay SA

67. Bill Winters, Group Chief Executive Officer, Standard Chartered Bank

68. Takeshi Niinami, Suntory Holdings

69. Christian Mumenthaler, Group Chief Executive Officer, Swiss Re

70. J. Erik Fyrwald, Chief Executive Officer, Syngenta Group

71. Christophe Weber, President and Chief Executive Officer, Takeda Pharmaceutical Company

72. Börje Ekholm, President and Chief Executive Officer, Ericsson

73. Michael W. Lamach, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Trane Technologies

74. Alan Jope, Chief Executive Officer, Unilever

75. Henrik Andersen, President and Chief Executive Officer, Vestas Wind Systems

76. Thierry Delaporte, Chief Executive Officer and Managing Director, Wipro

77. Svein Tore Holsether, Chief Executive Officer and President, Yara

78. Wolf-Henning Scheider, Chief Executive Officer, ZF Friedrichshafen

79. Mario Greco, Chief Executive Officer, Zurich Insurance Company

本文原载于世界经济论坛Agenda博客,转载请注明来源并附上本文链接

翻译:张丽莉

校对:王思雨