Medical Doctor; PhD in Community Health, University of the Witwatersrand; diplomas in Epidemiology and Occupational Health. With University of the Witwatersrand: focussing on improving access to and functioning of public healthcare system including maternal health, HIV and chronic diseases. Member of the Board: AIDS Law Project, South Africa. Member, several WHO committees. Recipient of award, South Africa Government Department of Science of Technology Distinguished Scientist Award, for contribution to quality of life of women (2005).