Leading First Amendment scholar; has taught and written on freedom of speech and press for over 30 years. Former President, University of Michigan; since 2002, President, Columbia University; concurrently, Member, Law School faculty. Former Chair of the Board, Federal Reserve Bank of New York. Member of the Board: Washington Post Company; Kresge Foundation; Pulitzer Prize. Fellow: American Academy of Arts and Sciences; American Philosophical Society. Author of Uninhibited, Robust, and Wide-Open, A Free Press for a New Century. Recipient: National Humanitarian Award; National Equal Justice Award, NAACP; Clark Kerr Award, University of California, Berkeley; numerous honorary degrees from universities in the US and abroad.