BA, LLB, LLM, MSc and PhD. Head of Ethics and Law, Centre for the AIDS Programme of Research in South Africa, Nelson R. Mandela School of Medicine, Univ. of KwaZulu-Natal (UKZN); Adjunct Professor, Dalla Lana School of Public Health Sciences and Joint Centre for Bioethics, Univ. of Toronto; Course Director, Bioethics, Howard College School of Law, UKZN; Senior Bioethics Researcher, Sandra Rotman Centre, Toronto; Consultant, WHO and UN Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute; Special Adviser, Biomedical Research Ethics Committee, Nelson Mandela School of Medicine. Co-Chair, Ethics Working Group, HIV Prevention Trial Network, NIH US. Founding Member and inaugural Co-Chair, South African Young Academy of Science. Member, research bodies, including: International Research Ethics Board, MSF; Research Ethics Committee, South African Human Sciences Research Council; Scientific Advisory Board, Aurum Institute of Health Research; Advisory Panel, Critical Path for TB Drug Regimens.