BA in History, LaSalle University; MPhil and DPhil in International Relations and Marshall Scholar, Oxford University. 1982, with US Foreign Service including: Executive Secretary, US State Department; Special Assistant to the Secretary of State; Minister-Counsellor for Political Affairs, US Embassy, Moscow; Acting Director and Principal Deputy Director, Policy Planning Staff, US State Department; Special Assistant to the President; Senior Director, Near East and South Asian Affairs, National Security Council; 1998-2001, US Ambassador to Jordan; 2001-05, Assistant Secretary of State, Near Eastern Affairs. Since 2005, current position. Recipient of awards: three honorary doctoral degrees; two US Presidential Distinguished Service Awards; number of US Department of State awards; named in 50 Most Promising American Leaders Under Age 40 (1994) and 100 Young Global Leaders, Time Magazine. Author: Economic Aid and American Policy Toward Egypt, 1955-1981 (1985).