BSc and MD, McGill University. Formerly: Professor of Medicine, Duke University and Chancellor for Health Affairs, President and Chief Executive Officer, Duke University Health System; Professor of Medicine, Stanford University; Professor of Theory and Practice of Medicine, Harvard University; Founder, Corgentech; Founder, Clerigen; former Chairman, CV Therapeutics. Currently: President, US National Academy of Medicine. Author of academic papers, books and patents. Recipient of numerous honours and awards.