PhD in Economics, University of Aix-Marseille, France. Former senior teaching positions, Faculty of Law, Economics and Social Sciences, University Mohammed V, Rabat. With Ministry of Finance: 1996, Head, Economic Watch Service, Financial Research and Forecasts Unit; 1998, Division Head , Economic Policy and Division Head, Macro-Economic Analysis. 2006, Deputy Director, Financial Research and Forecasts Unit, Ministry of Finance and Privatizations. 2007-11, Minister of General and Economic Affairs. Since November 2011, Minister of Economy and Finance in the new Moroccan Government after general elections. Member of the Executive Committee. Istiqlal Party. Member, several committees and boards of directors, including 2005, Averroes Committee, a group charged with strengthening cooperation between Morocco and Spain. Contributed to report on 50 years of human development in Morocco and prospects for 2025.