Degree in Electronic Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ.; postgraduate degree in Science and Mgmt, Fudan Univ.; Doctorate in Technological Innovation and Mgmt, Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1987-93, Teaching Assistant and Lecturer, Chinese Academy of Sciences; 1993-96, Assistant Consultant, State Commission of Science Technology of China; 1996-98, Assistant Consultant, State Leading Group for Science and Tech. With the Ministry of Science and Technology: 1998-2001, Divisional Director, and 2001-08, Deputy Director-General, Department of Policy, Regulations and Reform; 2008-09, Counsel of the General Office; since 2009, Secretary-General of the CPC, Chinese Academy of Science and Technology for Development, Ministry of Science and Technology of the People's Republic of China. Since 2010, Deputy Director, research and drafting group of the 12th National Five-Year Plan for Science and Technology Development.